Katznelson, Berl

(1887-1944)
   Labor Zionist organizer, leader, and ideologist. Born in Bobruisk, Russia, he became active at an early age in the Jewish socialist groups of Russia as well as labor Zionists and socialist Zionists. Arriving in Palestine in 1909, he set about organizing labor unions among the Jewish farm workers. During World War I, he created Hamashbir, the consumer cooperative, and the beginnings of Kupat Holim, the cooperative sick fund. He supported Eliyahu Golomb in the latter's efforts to build the Hagana as a public organization not controlled by Hashomer Hatzair. In 1921-22, he traveled to the United States to raise money for the creation of Bank Hapoalim as a workers' bank, and in 1925, he founded the Histadrut daily newspaper Davar, becoming its first editor.
   In the 1920s, Katznelson was one of the architects of the alliance between the labor movement and World Zionist Organization (WZO) president Chaim Weizmann, an alliance that grew stronger as the challenge posed by Vladimir Ze'ev Jabotinsky and his Revisionist Movement to the policies of both Labor and the WZO increased. Like Weizmann, Katznelson sought to maintain a pragmatic ideological line. While he opposed Jabotinsky's statements concerning the Arabs, his own attitudes hardened somewhat, especially after the Arab riots of 1929. He was suspicious of the policies of the British mandatory authority but had increasing reservations concerning the anti-Jewish attitudes of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and was openly critical of elements of the Zionist left who left Palestine for the USSR. Katznelson opposed the idea of partition in 1937 and was an ardent supporter of the Hagana's illegal immigration (Aliya Bet) activities. However, he was equally ardent in his criticism of the radicalization of the educational program of Hakibbutz Hameuhad (United Kibbutz Movement), as reflected in increasing leftist tendencies, an unwillingness to find any common ground with the Revisionists, and even a growing sympathy with the USSR.
   Between 1936 and 1939, Katznelson took steps to moderate this radicalization. Although his initial response to the White Paper of 1939 was to endorse a radical posture against Great Britain, the outbreak of World War II led him to join David Ben-Gurion, Weizmann, and most other Zionist leaders to demand the immediate creation of a Jewish state upon the defeat of Nazi Germany. Although the majority of Mapai supported the Biltmore Program of 1942, differences over the issue caused Mapai to split in mid-1944. Already deeply affected by the Holocaust, Katznelson suffered further from the split with Hakibbutz Hameuhad, and he died a few months later in Jerusalem.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KATZNELSON, BERL — (Beeri; 1887–1944), central figure of the Second Aliyah, a leader of the Zionist Labor movement, educator, and writer. Born in Bobruisk, Belorussia, son of a merchant, maskil, and a member of Ḥovevei Zion, Katznelson   was a frail child. He… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Katznelson, Berl — (1887–1944)    Palestine labour leader. The son of a merchant in Byelorussia, Katznelson was an early supporter of the Zionist Socialist faction led by Nachman SYRKIN. In 1908 he emigrated to Palestine where he quickly became a leading figure in… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Katznelson, Berl — (1887 1944)    Palestinian labour leader. He was born in Belorussia and emigrated to Palestine in 1909. He became an ideologist of the labour movement. He was one of the founders of the Ah dut ha Avodah party in 1919, and of the Histradrut in… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Berl Katznelson — ( he. ברל כצנלסון, born 25 January 1887, died 12 August 1944) was one the intellectual founders of Labor Zionism, instrumental to the establishment of the modern State of Israel, and the editor of Davar , the first daily newspaper of the workers… …   Wikipedia

  • Berl Katznelson — (1934) Berl Katznelson (auch: Kazenelson, Kaznelson; * 1887 in Bobruisk, Weißrussland; † 13. August 1944[1] in Jerusalem) war israelischer Arbeiterführer, Journalist und Politiker, gründete u. a. auch die israelische Krankenkasse (Kuppat Cholim)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Katznelson — is a surname may refer to:* Berl Katznelson, a Labor Zionism philosopher * Avraham Katznelson (Avraham Nissan), Zionist political figure, a signatory of the Israeli declaration of independence. * Yitzhak Katznelson, an Israeli mathematician *… …   Wikipedia

  • Katznelson — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Berl Katznelson (auch: Kazenelson, Kaznelson, 1887–1944), israelischer Arbeiterführer, Journalist und Politiker Ira Katznelson (* 1944), ein US amerikanischer Politologe und Historiker Siegmund Katznelson …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Katznelson —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Katznelson ou Katzenelson est un nom de famille juif. Il est ou fut porté par : Berl Katznelson, une tête pensante du sionisme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beit Berl — Infobox University name =Beit Berl Academic College native name =המכללה האקדמית בית ברל established =1970 type =Public endowment = staff = faculty = president = provost = principal = rector = chancellor = vice chancellor = dean = head label =… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Kas–Kat — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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